The famous 555 all-rounder TIMER
The 555 monolithic timing circuit is a highly stable controller capable of producing accurate time delays,
or oscillation. In the time delay mode of operation, the time is precisely controlled by one external
resistor and capacitor. For a stable operation as an oscillator, the free running frequency and the duty cycle
are both accurately controlled with two external resistors and one capacitor.
The circuit may be triggered and reset on falling waveforms, and the output structure can source or sink up to 200mA.